The global climate crisis is slowly impacting the lives of Pakistan. There is not any reason, but the fact is we are threatened by the massive climate change in Pakistan. The country is experiencing melting glaciers, rising sea levels, transition in rain patterns, droughts, flood levels, and continuous heat waves. These are impacted by extreme carbon emissions, fossil fuels, deforestation, and greenhouse gases. However, such huge distortions cause climate change leading to global warming.
Furthermore, the incident in Murree is a wake-up call for climate change in the country. A snowstorm that ultimately created a poisonous situation for the travellers is an alert, besides the temperature drops down to minus 8 degrees. Such a lower temperature and heavy snowfall bring a risky survival situation between the roads. Moreover, it is not the end; the change in climate may bring us many uncertain conditions. Well, in this blog, we have discussed the climate change effects on Pakistan. Read the complete blog to find out about climate changes.
Impacts of Climate Change in Pakistan
Excessive resource extraction and industrialisation over 150 years have impacted a lot on the change in Earth’s atmosphere. However, rising temperature causes heatwaves in the country and the South Asian region. Thus, this is the typical example of disturbing the climate system, and as a result, we face harmful heatwaves.
On the other hand, the change in climate affects the land and animal habitats in negative ways, endangering the ecosystems of the animals and creating new issues for food production and new possibilities for different species to flourish. Moreover, the rise in carbon dioxide endangers sea levels and the extraction of polluted gases and waste in the ocean, impacting marine life. However, only man-made pollution imposes an increase in greenhouse gases, damages the marine environment, and reduces land by constructing illegal properties. In short, the combination of all these factors exaggerates global warming in Pakistan.
What are the Causes of Climate Change in Pakistan?
Pakistan comes in a list of the top 20 countries which will be hit quickly by climate change in the future. In the coming years, water and food security will be the common crises of the country. However, global warming is a change in temperatures, with the increasing warm altitude causing climate change. Significantly, Pakistan is an agricultural country with a low-income rate, which concludes that it has fewer resources to protect itself from massive climate change.
People migrating to different regions, and such increasing urbanisation has emphasised the need for more resources. If we take a look at the transportation in Pakistan, many privileged households own up to three cars, which means more petroleum is consumed at a higher rate. When fossil fuels are burned, a massive quantity of carbon dioxide is released. Carbon dioxide is a primary greenhouse gas contributor. Greenhouse gases trap heat in our atmosphere, causing global warming. And with the rapid increase in global warming, climate change is predictable.
Furthermore, industrial waste, including burning oil, gas, and coal, has a major role in acidifying the ocean’s basic chemistry. The ocean surrounded by Pakistan absorbs up to a quarter of all carbon emissions produced by humans. Since the Industrial Revolution, the seas have become 30% more acidic. Ocean acidification is caused when carbon dioxide reacts with water and forms carbonic acid. As a result, water encountered a decrease in pH levels, making the ocean more acidic. However, this brings us to reducing the amount of calcium carbonate, which further weakens the shells and ozone layer and impacts marine species due to increased energy consumption and wastage in the ocean.
Growth in Population
With the population rapidly increasing, it required more land for humans to live in and expand. Moreover, agricultural land is also needed to cover the increasing food demand. In the meantime, Housing societies can cause deforestation and reduce cultivable land. The process involves trees being cut down, by which carbon is released into the environment. However, with increasing urbanisation, our environment does not have enough time to counter the increasing carbon dioxide, which is polluting the air.
How to stop the Frequent Climate Change in Pakistan?
Pakistan has taken particular actions to reduce the impact of global warming on the environment. The mega step is by shutting down coal power plants, which reduces carbon dioxide emission, and introducing public transport like Green Bus and Metro Bus. Moreover, Orange Train is a great initiative that focuses on the people’s reliable and fast commute. However, we need more sustainability for the well-being of the environment and humanity.
According to the 2015 Paris Agreement the governments of various countries committed to keeping global warming “below 2 degrees” and aim to ” make it 1.5 degrees“. Hence, the change is rapidly increasing 100 times double the last decade. We only have a decade to work for by taking action and working on it by making clean green Pakistan.
Besides, the top Solution to Climate change includes; a rich plant diet while eating healthy and nutritious food. Secondly good health and the education rate. We need to educate women by empowering them, which helps in building a sustainable generation. And lastly, reducing the wastage of food can be achieved by maintaining a healthy food budget and focusing only on the required items.
This is all about climate change in Pakistan and how impactful it is. Being responsible citizens, our role is to work on everything, which helps us lower the spread of global warming.