Shair-e-Mashriq – A Revolutionary Poet and Philosopher

Highlights of the Post:
About Allama Iqbal
Death Anniversary
His Work
Facts About Allama Iqbal
Iqbal Day Events 2020

The creation of Pakistan is the result of endless struggles of freedom fighters and our ancestors. It was only with the motivation of Muhammad Iqbal – one of the key personalities in country’s independence – that a dream turned into reality. Hence, we have compiled this blog as a tribute to Allama Iqbal Day – the birthday of the great poet and remember him for his contributions to the field of poetry, politics, and the freedom of this country. 

Before we begin talking about his literary and social contributions, let’s learn more about the life of great poet Muhammad Iqbal. 

More About Allama Iqbal 

Allama Iqbal in Sialkot
Shair-e-Mashriq was born and settled in Sialkot

A descendant of a Kashmiri Brahmin family, Muhammad Iqbal was born on the 9th November 1877. Although his ancestors converted to Islam in the 17th Century, he was born, raised, and lived in Sialkot throughout his life.

After receiving traditional education in of Arabic, Persian, and Urdu languages, he has had a chance to be exposed to the liberal arts. It helped him shape his mind into producing the famous Urdu poetry that he mustered in the latter part of his life. 

Allama Iqbal had acquired his M.A. in Philosophy, while later earning a degree of Bar-at-Law. In his educational career, he also acquired a doctorate from Germany in the Development of Metaphysics in Persia. 

Allama Iqbal was a man of many disciplines; he had done a number of jobs in the span of his life. He had taught philosophy, practiced law, got involved into politics, and wrote some of the most famous works of Persian and Urdu literature. 

Allama Iqbal had fought greatly and believed strongly in the creation of a separate land for the Muslims, in order to see them prosper. Unfortunately, he did not live long enough to witness his dream become a reality. 

Iqbal wrote notable pieces in both Persian and Urdu. All his work was addressed to the Muslims of the world, and how they should be leading their lives with the concept of wahdatul wujood. He strongly believed in the concept of selfhood, and self-realization. 

Did You Know? 

During the pre-partition era, he wrote an endearing song highlighting the greatness of India, which to date is being used in various platforms. You might have also heard this song. If you’ve not, go search for ‘Saray Jahaan Se Acha’, also known as ‘Tarānah-e-Hindi’.

Allama Iqbal Death Anniversary 

Allama Iqbal burried
Allama Iqbal’s tomb is in the walled city of Lahore

While one of his biggest dreams was to witness a separate homeland for the Muslims of the subcontinent, he left the world without being able to see that dream come into existence. Allama Iqbal’s death date is on the 21st of April, 1938. He was buried in the Walled City of Lahore. 

He left behind some of the greatest work in the history of Urdu and Persian literature, which we will list down in the next section of this blog. 

Some of Iqbal’s Notable Works

Allama Iqbal is known as the Shair-e-Mashriq and rightly so. He had produced a large number of poems in his lifetime; most of which were either in Urdu or Persian. His works were mostly addressed to the young generation. His most notable works are listed below. 


His entire poetry collection in Urdu is available is 4 major books including:

  • Bang-e-Dara (1924) 
  • Bang-e-Jibril (1935) 
  • Zarb-e-Kalim (1936) 
  • Armaghan-e-Hijaz (1938) 


  • Asrar-e-Khudi (1915) 
  • Rumuz-e-Bekhudi (1917) 
  • Payam-e-Mashriq (1923) 
  • Zabur-e-Ajam (1927) 
  • Javid Nama (1932) 
  • Pas Cheh Bayed Kard ai Aqwan-e-Sharq (1936) 
  • Armughan-e-Hijaz (1938) 

He wrote a great deal of poetry for the political conditions of the subcontinent, while some of his work included extremely patriotic poetry. Himalaya, Naya Shivala, Tarana-e-Milli, and Tarana-e-Hind are some mentions in this regard. 

His poetry and his contribution to literature is widely known. However, there are still a few things about the National poet that you might not know about. 

Read ahead and find out some amazing facts about the Shair-e-Mashriq! 

Lesser Known Facts about Muhammad Iqbal 

Unknown Facts Allama Iqbal
Allama Iqbal was Knigted by King George V in 1922

Allama Iqbal was a man of many talents. He was an ethereal poet, a politician, and a philosopher. However, there are a lot of things about him that aren’t widely known such as: 

  • King George V had Knighted him in the year 1922, bestowing him with the title “Sir”. 
  • The very first book of his poetry career was Persian, and centred around religious prosperity. 
  • He was given two titles: Mufakkir-e-Pakistan and Hakeem-ul-Ummat. 
  • He had an outstanding result in Arabic Language, after which he was awarded the “Khan Bahadur Din F.S. Jalaluddin” medal in the year 1897. 
  • He had stayed in Germany, for his doctorate, after his demise, a street in Heidelberg was named after Iqbal to commemorate his stay. 

All of this is, however, in the past. Wondering what happens today to celebrate his memory? Well, think no more. There are few events that have taken place in his memory this year to commemorate all his hard work and contributions to Pakistan. We have listed them below. 

Iqbal Day Holiday and Events 2020 

There are several events held to commemorate the contributions of Allama Iqbal to the Pakistani movement, but largely to his contributions to the literary world. Even though the number of events being held are lesser than usual due to the massive spread of COVID-19, the tradition to celebrate the great poet carries on. 

Here are details of some of the events being held in regards to Iqbal day in 2020: 

Iqbal Day 2020 | Webinar 

The Consulate General of Pakistan Toronto, and the International Iqbal Society had arranged a two-day international conference focusing on Allama Iqbal’s poetry and thoughts. The Webinar will feature a number of speakers from Pakistan, India, Turkey, Iran, UK, and Canada. 

These speakers are some of the best Iqbal experts of our time:

  • Prof. Dr. Khurshid Rizvi
  • Prof. Dr. Fateh Muhammad Malik
  • Prof. Dr. Abdul Haq
  • Prof. Dr. Rafiuddin Hashmi
  • Prof. Dr. Sharif Baqa
  • Dr. Aslam Ansari
  • Dr. Taqi Aabedi
  • Janab Ahmed Javed
  • Prof. Dr. Moeen Nizami
  • Prof. Dr. Baseera Ambreen
  • Prof. Dr. Shahid Iqbal Kamran
  • Prof. Dr. Alireza Ghazveh
  • Prof. Dr. Suheyl Umar
  • Prof. Dr. Yousuf Khushk
  • Dr. Wajid Jawad
  • Dr. Tahir Hameed Tanoli
  • Prof. Dr. Khalid Sanjrani
  • Prof. Dr. Ali Temizel 

The details for the event are as follows: 

Date: November 7th and 8th, 2020


Islamabad: 8 pm | Delhi: 8:30 pm | Tehran: 6:30 pm

London: 3 pm | Istanbul: 6 pm | Toronto – EST: 10 am

Allama Iqbal Awami Mela & Book Fair

The first ever Allama Iqbal Awami Mela and Book fair will be hosted starting from the 9th of November, to 17th November 2020. It is organised by the Iqbal Academy Pakistan and will take place at the Greater Iqbal Park, Lahore. 

 There is a large crowd of people expected to attend the nine-day cultural and educational event. The motive behind the event is to spread Allama Iqbal’s message and work to the generation of today. The event will be first of its kind and is centred around spreading the literary and religious contributions of the poet. The event will showcase a multitude of his work, like Iqbal day quotes and a lot more; while also featuring a book fair with a variety of books you can choose from! 

In this blog, we have discussed a number of aspects of the great national poet, Allama Muhammad Iqbal. From his literary work to his political contributions, we have covered it all. For more updates and similar content, keep an eye out for the new content on Jagah Online Blogs

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